Couples who are struggling with infertility are usually willing to try almost anything if it will give them even a small chance of having the child that they so desperately long for. However, when it comes to IVF, there are certain types of people who are the best candidates for the treatment meaning that they will have the best chance of success from the procedure. Let’s take a look at who will benefit the most from in vitro fertilization.
What is In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)?
First, let’s talk about what exactly IVF just in case you are not familiar with the procedure. Most people have heard of this type of fertility treatment, but they may not fully understand what it involves. In Vitro Fertilization, or IVF for short, is a process where eggs are extracted from a woman’s ovaries and fertilized with her partner’s sperm (or a donor’s where appropriate) under laboratory conditions. ‘In Vitro’ means ‘in glass’ and refers to the fact that fertilization takes place inside a glass culture dish instead of in the woman’s body. A number of fertilized eggs are then implanted into the woman’s uterus after being allowed to incubate where they will hopefully develop into a healthy pregnancy. The first IVF baby was born in 1978 and about 1 in every 100 babies born in the United States is as a result of IVF treatment.
Who Is A Good Candidate For IVF Treatment?
IVF is often seen as a last resort when couples have exhausted all other fertility treatments. This is largely because of the more invasive nature of this type of treatment. There is never any guarantee of a successful pregnancy as a result of IVF, but there are a some candidates who will be more likely to succeed and also for home IVF treatment is very beneficial. For example, women who have issues relating to their fallopian tubes including blocked or absent tubes will find IVF a particularly useful option since this type of treatment bypasses the fallopian tubes entirely.
Other really good candidates for IVF include women who have disorders such as endometriosis or polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). During IVF, fertility drugs are used to trigger ovulation and produce healthy eggs which women with these disorders may otherwise be unable to do naturally. Using IVF treatment can help overcome these fertility problems such as abnormal menstruation cycles which can make it difficult to conceive naturally.
Who May Not Benefit From IVF Treatment?
As noted, IVF is not suitable for everyone. There are some women for whom IVF is not an option, or is less likely to result in a viable pregnancy. This includes women who suffer from certain conditions including fibroid tumours, ovarian dysfunction and uterine abnormalities. All of these conditions can significantly reduce the chance of becoming pregnant via a course of IVF Treatment.
Additionally, if a woman is unable to produce healthy eggs and is not comfortable with using a donor, then it is unlikely that IVF will be successful. The same goes for women in their late thirties or older. While donor eggs have a similar success rate regardless of the woman’s age, those over the age of 40 have an elevated risk of miscarriage even if they do become pregnant through IVF.
IVF treatment is just one of many fertility treatments available and it is more suited to some women than it is to others. If you are experiencing fertility issues then talk to an expert and find out what the best treatment options for you are.