What are the Alternate Methods for Child Conception?
According to a 2015 report by Ernst and Young, nearly 27.5 million couples in India who are actively seeking to start a family suffer from infertility. Infertility is a medical condition that leads to the inability to conceive through natural means and can occur in both males and females. However, with advancement in medical science, today there are many infertility treatments available for couples wanting to conceive. IUI procedure, IVF treatment and GIFT are some prominent ways of medically induced pregnancy.
Popular Infertility Treatments in India
- Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer: GIFT as it is usually referred to as, is one of the popular methods of medically induced pregnancy. It is very similar to popular methods of IVF but with one major difference. Multiple eggs produced in a woman’s ovaries, with the help of fertility drugs, are first harvested. Then these eggs are then mixed with reproductive cells of a man’s sperm. The sperm is also washed to get rid of the seminal fluid before bringing it in contact with the eggs. However, unlike IVF, fertilization isn’t done in the laboratory. The combination is directly injected into woman’s fallopian tube by a procedure called Laparoscopy. It is necessary to have a functional fallopian tube to opt for this method. Also, the process doesn’t guarantee fertilization and in case when the eggs and sperm fail to fertilize, there is no method to find out the specific cause either.
- Intrauterine Insemination:IUI procedureinvolves artificial insemination. In this method, the washed sperm or the reproductive cells of the sperm are injected directly into the uterus of the woman. The ovulation cycle of the woman is considered before the transfer of the sperm and the process is timed accordingly. It is medically believed that direct placement of the sperm in uterus will make it easier for sperm to reach and fertilize egg. IUI procedure is particularly helpful in case of male sexual dysfunction as well as in cases when a woman is producing cervical mucous, which might be chemically inhospitable for the sperm. IUI treatment cost in India is much lower than for other infertility procedures, while also being less invasive.
- ZIFT and TET: Zygote intrafallopian transfer and tubal embryo transfer are very similar to the GIFT procedure discussed above. However, unlike GIFT, fertilization in these two methods is done artificially in the laboratory. A woman needs to undergo controlled ovarian hyper stimulation by using prescribed fertility drugs. Multiple eggs thus produced are removed from the body of the woman and brought in contact with the pre-prepared sperm. However, before the laparoscopic transfer, the eggs are fertilized in the laboratory. In ZIFT, the embryo is transferred to the fallopian tube following fertilization, while in TET, the embryo is kept for a longer period post fertilization in the laboratory before the transfer.