Anyone can need dentures because anyone can lose teeth through age, genetics, or accident. If you need dentures or know someone who does, you might want to know more about what they are and what they can do for you.
What are dentures?
At their most basic, dentures are artificial teeth and gums. When you have lost a number of your own teeth, serious issues can arise. It can be difficult to eat, and the structure of your mouth may lose the support it needs to stay healthy. Missing teeth can cause discomfort over time, and you may also be dissatisfied with your appearance.
Dentists can make partial dentures that will replace a few teeth, an entire upper or bottom set of teeth and gums, or replace all your teeth. Dentures should always be custom-designed so that they will perfectly fit your mouth and match the teeth you still have, and that’s exactly the way dentures are made at Hillhurst Denture.
What are dentures made from?
In the past, people have made dentures out of all kinds of things. Some of the earliest dentures were made from wood and bone, and more modern ones have been made from plastic and porcelain.
Today, your Calgary denture clinic will most likely make your dentures out of hard acrylic resin, though in some cases porcelain is still a good choice. Porcelain is harder than resin and feels more similar to natural teeth, but it is also easy to break and can wear down your natural teeth.
Resin dentures are durable and sit more securely to the base than other types. They are also cheaper to make and lighter in your mouth. They won’t last quite as long as porcelain, but since they are significantly cheaper this isn’t usually an issue.
How they fit
Dentures have to have support in the form of a full plate or a partial plate, depending on the size of the dentures. The plate can be made of many things, from flexible nylon to chrome cobalt to more resin.
Some dentures are known as “immediate” dentures, and these are fitted immediately after you have teeth removed. They help the healing process and can be refitted as your mouth shape changes. You might use these for as long as six months.
If your teeth are already gone, or once you’ve healed from having a removal, traditional permanent dentures can be fitted in. If these are uncomfortable, you might get overdentures, which fit to the roots of your natural teeth or to implants. They are easier to remove than permanent dentures and sometimes more comfortable for some people.
No matter what they of dentures you get, they have to be cleaned regularly. You should clean them just as regularly as you would clean your regular teeth because the same thing can affect dentures that affects regular teeth: bacteria, tartar, and plaque.
To clean effectively, rinse them with clean water to dislodge food that might be in them. Then use denture cleaner with a denture brush or a very soft toothbrush. Rinse the dentures thoroughly afterward, and clean your gums and remaining teeth before putting the dentures back in.
You should never use any regular toothpaste on your dentures or any cleaners other than denture cleaner or a mild soap recommended by your dentist. You should also avoid harsh brushes like stiff toothbrushes or electric toothbrushes.
Long term care
In addition to cleaning your dentures regularly, you should also take them out every night before you sleep. This gives your gums a chance to rest and also ensures you don’t accidentally damage your dentures while you sleep.
If you have dentures with metal in them, you should soak them in warm water overnight. If there is no metal, you can use a denture soaking solution to keep them clean and free of buildup. Any time you take your dentures out, you should soak them to make sure they don’t lose their shape.